Define Bibliography And Explain Its Types Of Cats

See also:catspawandcat's paw

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From cat + paw. In most senses, due to a resemblance of shape. In its senses as a pawn to another's interests or analysis, variant of earlier cat's-foot, derived from European tales of a monkey (attested as early as 1456[1] but sometimes misattributed to the 16th-century monkey of Pope Julius II) who used a sleeping puppy[2] or cat's foot to rake hot chestnuts out of a fire, taken as a metaphor for rulers' ill use of their subjects. Now usually understood in light of Jean de La Fontaine's 1679 fable of the "The Monkey and the Cat" (sometimes misattributed to Aesop), in which the monkey fools the cat into removing the chestnuts through flattery and promises of shared reward. The cat removes the chestnuts one by one, burning his paw while the monkey eats each in turn. A maid then enters and chases them both away. La Fontaine's moral concludes that princes should not endure real losses for mere flattery from their king.

Noun[edit]

cat's-paw (pluralcat's-pawsorcats'-paws)

  1. A paw of a cat.
  2. (figuratively)Someone who acts in another's interest, (properly)unknowingly or through trickery.
    • 1622, James Mabbe translating Mateo Alemán as The Rogue, Vol. II, p. 167:
      To take the Cat by the foote, and therewith rake the coales out of the Ouen.
    • 1657, Michael Hawke, Killing is Murder and No Murder, page 3:
      These he useth as the Monkey did the Cats paw, to scrape the nuts out of the fire.
    • 1836, Charles Richardson, A New Dictionary of the English Language, s.v. "Cat":
      Cat's-paw, common in vulgar speech, but not in writing.
  3. (nautical) A minorbreeze that ripples the surface of a body of water.
    • 1769, William Falconer, An Universal Dictionary of the Marine:
      Cats-paw, a light air of wind perceived... by the impression made on the surface of the sea, which it sweeps very lightly, and then decays.
  4. (nautical) A twistingvariant of the lark's-foothitch which formstwosmallbightsused to hook a pair of tackles to a rope.
  5. (figuratively, uncommon)Someone or something that comesdownquickly upon a victim in the manner of a cat's paw.
  6. (US carpentry) A smallcrowbar with a handle at a right angle to a blade with a V-shapednotch, principallyused by carpenters to removenails.
    • 1954 November 10, U.S. Patent Office, Official Gazette, p. 321:
      Filed Dec. 13, 1952. Cat's Paw. For Hand Tools for Pulling Nails and Spikes.
  7. (historical weaponry, torture) A metalset of clawsworn over the hand or wielded in the handused to removeskin and flesh.
  8. (US law) A supervisor whose reliance on a subordinate's analysis is so complete as to renderhim or herliable for the subordinate's animus or othermisconduct towards a thirdemployee.
  9. Any of severalspecies of North Americanfreshwatermussels of the genusEpioblasma, especiallyE. obliquata.
  10. Any of severalspecies of Australianbloodworts of the genusAnigozanthos, especiallyA. humilis.

Hypernyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

someone who acts in another's interest

someone who comes down upon a victim

small crowbar for pulling nails

law: supervisor liable for subordinate's misconduct

mussel of the genus Epioblasma

bloodwort of the genus Anigozanthos

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Here is the information you typically need in order to cite the following types of sources. We also have some tips to help you decipher citations so that you can figure out the type of information source being cited. This can help you locate useful sources that you might find in bibliographies or lists of references in your reading.

Book

Levitt Steven D. and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything. New York : William Morrow, 2005.

TitleFreakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything
Author(s)Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner
Place of publicationNew York
PublisherWilliam Morrow
Copyright/Publication date2005

Clues that this is a book:

  • Contains only one title: Freakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything
  • Includes a place of publication: New York
  • Includes the name of a publishing company: William Morrow
  • Might or might not include page numbers.

To find a specific book, you can search the Library Catalog by author or title.

Journal Article (print)

Empirical assessment of expertise. Weiss, David J.; Shanteau, James; HumanFactors, Vol 45(1), Spr, 2003. pp. 104-116.

Article TitleEmpirical assessment of expertise.
Author(s)Weiss, David J.; Shanteau, James
Journal Title (title of the journal or magazine in which the article appears) Human Factors
Journal volume and issue Volume 45 Issue 1
Date of the ArticleSpring 2003
Page numbers for the article104-116

Clues that this is a print article:

  • Contains the title of the article, sometimes in quotation marks: "Empirical assessment of expertise"
  • Contains another title, the title of the journal, newspaper, or magazine in which the article appears, often underlined or in italics: Human Factors
  • Contains a volume and, sometimes, an issue number: 45. 1, or sometimes 45(1)
  • The date is sometimes a year, sometimes month and year, sometimes season (example: Spring) and year.

If you have a citation to a specific article that you are interested in finding, you can search the Library Catalog or the Electronic Journals List for the title of the journal.

Conference Paper

Computational intelligence techniques for a smart electric grid of the future
Zhenhua Jiang. Advances in Neural Networks. Proceedings 6th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2009, p 1191-1201, 2009

Paper TitleComputational Intelligence Techniques for a Smart Electric Grid of the Future
AuthorZhenhua Jiang
Conference TitleAdvances in Neural Networks: Proceedings 6th International Symposium on Neural Networks
Date2009
Page Numbers 1191-1201

Clues that this is a conference paper:

  • Title includes words "Proceedings" or "Symposium" or "Conference" or "Congress" or "Workshop"
  • Date is a year

To find a specific conference proceeding (the proceeding is the collection of all the papers presented at the conference) search the Library Catalog for the name of the conference.

Newspaper article

Bick, Julie. "The Long (and Sometimes Expensive) Road to the SAT." New York Times 28 May 2006, Section 3 p6.

Article TitleThe Long (and Sometimes Expensive) Road to the SAT
Author(s)Julie Bick
Newspaper titleNew York Times
DateMay 28, 2006
Page6
Edition or Section3

Clues that this is a newspaper article:

  • Like journal articles, it contains the title of the article (often in quotation marks) and the title of the publication
  • Unlike journal articles, the date includes the month and day in addition to the year
  • Some include section numbers: Section 3
  • Some include section numbers as part of the page numbers (e.g. A6, B4)

If you have a citation to a specific newspaper article that you are interested in finding, you can search the Library Catalog or the Electronic Journals List for the title of the journal.

Article (online)

Household Horror: Domestic Masculinity in Poe's 'The Black Cat' By: Bliss, Ann V.; Explicator, 2009 Winter; 67 (2): 96-99.

Article Title

Household Horror: Domestic Masculinity in Poe's 'The Black Cat'

Author(s)Bliss, Ann V.
Journal TitleExplicator
Journal volume and issue Volume 67 Issue 2
Page numbers for the article96-99
Database where you found the full-text of the articleMLA Bibliography
Database platformEBSCO Host
Database provider (library or other group which provided access to the database)Georgia Tech Library
Web address of the databasehttp://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/

Clues that this is an online article:

  • Includes the elements of an article citation, such as two titles, volume/issue numbers, and page numbers
  • Includes the name of the article database in which the article was found: MLA Bibligraphy
  • Contains a URL to the article database in which the article was found: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/
  • Includes a date of access

Like print articles, you can search the Library Catalog or the Electronic Journals List for the title of the journal, newspaper, or magazine to see if we have access to the publication here at the library.

Web Page

(all of the elements might not be available for each web page)

NationMaster,   http://www.nationmaster.com/index.php.  2009.  Accessed November 19, 2009.

Author  no author listed
Title of web page   NationMaster
Web address  http://www.nationmaster.com/index.php
Web site host or publisher   NationMaster.com
Date of copyright or date page was updated   2009
Date you accessed the page  November 19, 2009

Clues that this is a web page:

  • Often does not have individual authors
  • Includes a URL to the site.
  • Does not include the name of a library or library database
  • Includes a date of access.

Thanks to Utah State for the permission to use and modify the "Elements of a Citation" and "Why You Should Cite Your Sources" material.

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