A social problem is an unwanted situation that occurs in a society affecting a significant number of people and the community. The cause of social problems is by factors that are beyond society’s control thereby creating confusion of what is right and wrong, and people believe they should be corrected. Social problems comprise of; sexually transmitted diseases, antisocial behavior, poverty, crime, murder, drug abuse, sexual assault, alcoholism, bullying, rape, climate change, child labor among others.
Social problems arise due to various factors. Sociologists argue that the nature of society through its structure and culture facilitate an environment that promotes thriving of these problems. Firstly, is social change. The alteration of society’s values, a way of life, customs, traditions, and laws due to globalization and need to adopt new ways of life give rise to social problems. Social change elicits this by disturbing the organization of a society thereby creating confusion, rebellion, and resistance. These result in social problems such as hate crimes, murder, discrimination, child abuse, bullying, and drug abuse. For example, the move by the United States to recognize and legalize gay marriages brought a new era to people’s rights. However, not all celebrated the move. Some extremists and hate groups have carried out hate crimes, bullying, and murder against the LGBT community to display their displeasure.
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Secondly, the contradiction of social systems whereby a society relies on, favors certain social groups, for instance, the employed and the educated and ignores the unemployed and the uneducated can cause social problems. The uneducated and the unemployed group maybe this way due to the society’s failure to offer them various opportunities due to poverty, neglect or family problems. Consequently, for them to feel accepted and fit in, they engage in socially unacceptable activities such as crime, social unrest, gang related activities and pornography to meet their responsibilities.
Bad cultures also accentuate the occurrence of social problems. Cultural events that gratify sex among the youth causes social problems such as abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, pornography and drug and substance abuse. Additionally, cultures that create no barriers among children and the youth through increasingly busy parents who spend less time guiding and nurturing their offspring create problems. First, moral decay develops as these kids, and young people are left to the mercies of devices such as television, and the internet. Thus, they pick up unwanted social problems such as drug and substance abuse, watching of pornography, experimenting with sex.
Social issues affect the society by causing many repercussions. First, it creates disharmony among the people elicited by suspicion and hostility in cases where issues such as criminal activities, hate crimes, harassment, and rape occur. Secondly, they cause suffering and misery among people. A society full of fear of each other, where some cause harm or hate results in the suffering of the inhabitants. Thirdly, the social problems disadvantage a society, as they do not solve any problems but create others that become foundations of worse issues. Fourthly, they make it impossible to address them. Social problems are not universal to every society and tend to change rapidly. Hence, concentrating on solving one is difficult as others arise and cause more harm than the previous one.
Social problems can be solved by first, identifying the root causes of these problems. For example, watching of pornography, abortions and drug abuse among the youths may be due to lack of guidance and counseling. Therefore, programs aimed at creating awareness and educating the youths on these social problems can be created. Secondly, the creation of social support systems such as healthcare, rehabilitation, and employment services to solve alcoholism, drug abuse, and criminal activities.
Social problems among youth is a increasingly worrying phenomenon that we have to face in our daily basis. Social problems such as drug abuse, student misconduct, promiscuity and baby abortion are so widespreadly happen and rapidly growing.Just look at the newspaper nowadays.There are always the same story about social issues among teenager.
There are many factors that cause social problems. One of the factor is family crisis.It cause the social control on children neglected. Parents who often argued would not be able to nurture and educating children their properly. This situation become worser when there is some parents who busy with the task at office until they ignore their responsibilities to watch over the behavior of their children.As a result, there are children who run away from home, socialize with troublesome friend, and from there all of the social problem that mention above will begin.
Beside that, social problems are also caused by the influence of mass media. In this age of rapidly expanding technology, teenagers are exposed to negative influences through the Internet and many other channels so that their minds are easily poisoned by the negative elements of mass media. In addition, the claims of modernization has also put pressure on those who want the freedom to escape from the shackles of the family and demanded the rights of individuals causing the youth to reject the authority of parents to control their behavior.
Social problems are also associated with deterioration of discipline in schools.Due to the school does not impose strict against students who violate discipline, then the students dared to do something that should not be done by a student, such as smoking,skipping class and fighting. This behavior will taken along by them when they leave school later. They will be more bold to do things that in will eventually contribute to the spread of social problems such as smoking, abuse drugs, sexual promiscuity,gangsterism and so forth.
To reduce social problems, parents should educate and inculcate moral values and religious teachings perfectly to their children so that their children will be a morally and honorable teenager. Parents need to understand the problems of their children and make their children as friends and not foes. Besides the family members of adult brother or sister should be helping their parents in monitoring and controlling their kids from doing an act that can contribute to social problems.
At school, the students have their teacher to control them from social ills. Teachers need to closely engage all students and understanding their problems. Teachers should be aware and be open and try to give encouragement to their students and this will open up space for students to discuss and share the problems faced by them.In addition, school discipline must be tightened.Collaboration between teachers and the parents of the students should be improved. The school can also provide counseling to students with problems so that the student does not feel like he was being abandoned.
In conclusion, to curb this social problem from continuing to spread, various parties involved should work together and play their respective roles. If all parties can work together as expected, there is no reason why social problems among youth can not be contained.