Ground 1 Housing Act 1985 Assignment

PART IVE+W SECURE TENANCIES AND RIGHTS OF SECURE TENANTS

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Security of tenureE+W

79 Secure tenancies.E+W

(1)A tenancy under which a dwelling-house is let as a separate dwelling is a secure tenancy at any time when the conditions described in sections 80 and 81 as the landlord condition and the tenant condition are satisfied.

(2)Subsection (1) has effect subject to—

(a)the exceptions in Schedule 1 (tenancies which are not secure tenancies),

(b)sections 89(3) and (4) and 90(3) and (4) (tenancies ceasing to be secure after death of tenant), and

(c)sections 91(2) and 93(2) (tenancies ceasing to be secure in consequence of assignment of subletting).

(3)The provisions of this Part apply in relation to a licence to occupy a dwelling-house (whether or not granted for a consideration) as they apply in relation to a tenancy.

(4)Subsection (3) does not apply to a licence granted as a temporary expedient to a person who entered the dwelling-house or any other land as a trespasser (whether or not, before the grant of that licence, another licence to occupy that or another dwelling-house had been granted to him).

80 The landlord condition.E+W

(1)The landlord condition is that the interest of the landlord belongs to one of the following authorities or bodies—

  • a local authority,

  • a [F1development] corporation,

  • [F2a housing action trust]

  • [F3 a Mayoral development corporation, ]

  • an urban development corporation, [F4in the case of a tenancy falling within subsections (2A) to (2E), the Homes and Communities Agency[F5 , the Greater London Authority] or the Welsh Ministers (as the case may be), ]

  • F6. . .

  • F7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . housing co-operative to which this section applies.

F9(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F10(2A)A tenancy falls within this subsection if the interest of the landlord is transferred to—

(a)the Homes and Communities Agency as mentioned in section 52(1)(a) to (d) of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008,

[F11(aa)the Greater London Authority as mentioned in section 333ZI(2)(a) to (d) of the Greater London Authority Act 1999, or]

(b)the Welsh Ministers as mentioned in section 36(1)(a)(i) to (iii) of the New Towns Act 1981.

(2B)A tenancy falls within this subsection if it is entered into pursuant to a contract under which the rights and liabilities of the prospective landlord are transferred to the Homes and Communities Agency [F12, the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers as mentioned in subsection (2A)(a)[F13, (aa) ] or (b) (as the case may be).

(2C)A tenancy falls within this subsection if it is granted by the Homes and Communities Agency [F14 , the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers to a person (alone or jointly with others) who, immediately before it was entered into, was a secure tenant of the Homes and Communities Agency [F14 , the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers (as the case may be).

(2D)A tenancy falls within this subsection if—

(a)it is granted by the Homes and Communities Agency [F15, the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers to a person (alone or jointly with others),

(b)before the grant of the tenancy, an order for possession of a dwelling-house let under a secure tenancy was made against the person (alone or jointly with others) and in favour of the Homes and Communities Agency [F15, the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers (as the case may be) on the court being satisfied as mentioned in section 84(2)(b) or (c), and

(c)the tenancy is of the premises which constitute the suitable accommodation as to which the court was so satisfied.

(2E)A tenancy falls within this subsection if it is granted by the Homes and Communities Agency [F16 , the Greater London Authority]or the Welsh Ministers pursuant to an obligation under section 554(2A).]

(3)If a co-operative housing association ceases to be[F17a private registered provider of social housing or][F18a registered social landlord], it shall, within the period of 21 days beginning with the date on which it ceases to be [F18[F19such a body]], notify each of its tenants who thereby becomes a secure tenant, in writing, that he has become a secure tenant.

[F20(4)This section applies to a housing co-operative within the meaning of section 27B (agreements under certain superseded provisions) where the dwelling-house is comprised in a housing co-operative agreement within the meaning of that section.]

[F21(5)In this Act and in any provision made under this Act, or made by or under any other enactment, a reference to—

(a)a person within section 80 or 80(1) of this Act, or

(b)a person who satisfies the landlord condition under this section,

includes a reference to the Homes and Communities Agency [F22 , to the Greater London Authority]or to the Welsh Ministers so far as acting in their capacity as landlord (or, in the case of disposals, former landlord) in respect of a tenancy which falls within subsections (2A) to (2E) above but, subject to this, does not include the Homes and Communities Agency [F23, the Greater London Authority ]or the Welsh Ministers.

(6)Subsection (5)—

(a)applies whether the person is described as an authority, body or landlord or in any other way and whether the reference is otherwise expressed in a different way, and

(b)is subject to any provision to the contrary.]

Annotations:

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

81 The tenant condition.E+W

The tenant condition is that the tenant is an individual and occupies the dwelling-house as his only or principal home; or, where the tenancy is a joint tenancy, that each of the joint tenants is an individual and at least one of them occupies the dwelling-house as his only or principal home.

82 Security of tenure.E+W

(1)A secure tenancy which is either—

(a)a weekly or other periodic tenancy, or

(b)a tenancy for a term certain but subject to termination by the landlord,

cannot be brought to an end by the landlord except [F24as][F25mentioned in subsection (1A)] .

[F26(1A)The tenancy may be brought to an end by the landlord—

(a)obtaining—

(i)an order of the court for the possession of the dwelling-house, and

(ii)the execution of the order,

(b)obtaining an order under subsection (3), or

(c)obtaining a demotion order under section 82A.

(2)In the case mentioned in subsection (1A)(a), the tenancy ends when the order is executed.]

(3)Where a secure tenancy is a tenancy for a term certain but with a provision for re-entry or forfeiture, the court shall not order possession of the dwelling-house in pursuance of that provision, but in a case where the court would have made such an order it shall instead make an order terminating the tenancy on a date specified in the order and section 86 (periodic tenancy arising on termination of fixed term) shall apply.

(4)Section 146 of the M1Law of Property Act 1925 (restriction on and relief against forfeiture), except subsection (4) (vesting in under-lessee), and any other enactment or rule of law relating to forfeiture, shall apply in relation to proceedings for an order under subsection (3) of this section as if they were proceedings to enforce a right of re-entry or forfeiture.

Annotations:

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

[F2782ADemotion because of anti-social behaviourE+W

(1)This section applies to a secure tenancy if the landlord is—

(a)a local housing authority;

(b)a housing action trust;

[F28(ba)a private registered provider of social housing;]

(c)a registered social landlord.

(2)The landlord may apply to [F29the county court ] for a demotion order.

(3)A demotion order has the following effect—

(a)the secure tenancy is terminated with effect from the date specified in the order;

(b)if the tenant remains in occupation of the dwelling-house after that date a demoted tenancy is created with effect from that date;

Section 92.

F1F2F3F4F5SCHEDULE 3E+W Grounds for Withholding Consent to Assignment by Way of Exchange

Annotations:

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F6 Ground 1]E+W

Annotations:

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F7The tenant or the proposed assignee is subject to an order of the court for the possession of the dwelling-house of which he is the secure tenant.]

Annotations:

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Ground 2E+W

Proceedings have been begun for possession of the dwelling-house of which the tenant or the proposed assignee is the secure tenant on one or more of grounds 1 to 6 in Part I of Schedule 2 (grounds on which possession may be ordered despite absence of suitable alternative accommodation), or there has been served on the tenant or the proposed assignee a notice under section 83 [F3or 83ZA ] (notice of proceedings for possession) which specifies one or more of those grounds and is still in force.

[F5Ground 2ZAE+W

Proceedings have been begun for possession of the dwelling-house, of which the tenant or the proposed assignee is the secure tenant, under section 84A (absolute ground for possession for anti-social behaviour), or there has been served on the tenant or the proposed assignee a notice under section 83ZA (notice requirements in relation to proceedings for possession on absolute ground for anti-social behaviour) which is still in force.]

[F8Ground 2AE+W

Annotations:

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Amendments (Textual)

  • Either—

    in respect of the tenant or the proposed assignee or a person who is residing with either of them.

    (a)

    a relevant order [F9, a suspended anti-social behaviour possession order or a suspended riot-related possession order] is in force, or

    (b)

    an application is pending before any court for a relevant order, a demotion order [F10, an anti-social behaviour possession order or a riot-related possession order] to be made,

  • A “ relevant order ” means—

    • an injunction under section 152 of the Housing Act 1996 (injunctions against anti-social behaviour);

    • an injunction to which a power of arrest is attached by virtue of section 153 of that Act (other injunctions against anti-social behaviour);

    • an injunction under section 153A, 153B or 153D of that Act (injunctions against anti-social behaviour on application of certain social landlords);

    • an anti-social behaviour order under section 1 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998; F2 ...

    • an injunction to which a power of arrest is attached by virtue of section 91 of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 [F11or section 27 of the Police and Justice Act 2006].

    • [F4an injunction under section 1 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014;

    • an order under section 22 of that Act.]

  • [F12 An “ anti-social behaviour possession order ” means an order for possession under Ground 2 in Schedule 2 to this Act or Ground 14 in Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1988. ]

  • A “ demotion order ” means a demotion order under section 82A of this Act or section 6A of the Housing Act 1988.

  • [F13 A “ riot-related possession order ” means an order for possession under Ground 2ZA in Schedule 2 to this Act or Ground 14ZA in Schedule 2 to the Housing Act 1988. ]

  • F14 ...

  • Where the tenancy of the tenant or the proposed assignee is a joint tenancy, any reference to that person includes (where the context permits) a reference to any of the joint tenants.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F1Ground 2BE+W

The dwelling-house is subject to a closure notice or closure order under Chapter 3 of Part 4 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014.]

Ground 3E+W

The accommodation afforded by the dwelling-house is substantially more extensive than is reasonably required by the proposed assignee.

Ground 4E+W

The extent of the accommodation afforded by the dwelling-house is not reasonably suitable to the needs of the proposed assignee and his family.

Ground 5E+W

The dwelling-house—

(a)forms part of or is within the curtilage of a building which, or so much of it as is held by the landlord, is held mainly for purposes other than housing purposes and consists mainly of accommodation other than housing accommodation, or is situated in a cemetery, and

(b)was let to the tenant or a predecessor in title of his in consequence of the tenant or predecessor being in the employment of—

  • the landlord,

  • a local authority,

  • a [F15development] corporation,

  • [F16a housing action trust]

  • F17. . .

  • [F18a Mayoral development corporation,]

  • an urban development corporation, or

  • the governors of an aided school.

Annotations:

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Ground 6E+W

The landlord is a charity and the proposed assignee’s occupation of the dwelling-house would conflict with the objects of the charity.

Ground 7E+W

The dwelling-house has features which are substantially different from those of ordinary dwelling-houses and which are designed to make it suitable for occupation by a physically disabled person who requires accommodation of the kind provided by the dwelling-house and if the assignment were made there would no longer be such a person residing in the dwelling-house.

Ground 8E+W

The landlord is a housing association or housing trust which lets dwelling-houses only for occupation (alone or with others) by persons whose circumstances (other than merely financial circumstances) make it especially difficult for them to satisfy their need for housing and if the assignment were made there would no longer be such a person residing in the dwelling-house.

Ground 9E+W

The dwelling-house is one of a group of dwelling-houses which it is the practice of the landlord to let for occupation by persons with special needs and a social service or special facility is provided in close proximity to the group of dwelling-houses in order to assist persons with those special needs and if the assignment were made there would no longer be a person with those special needs residing in the dwelling-house.

[F19 Ground 10E+W

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Amendments (Textual)

The dwelling-house is the subject of a management agreement under which the manager is a housing association of which at least half the members are tenants of dwelling-houses subject to the agreement, at least half the tenants of the dwelling-houses are members of the association and the proposed assignee is not, and is not willing to become, a member of the association.]

[F20Reference to a management agreement includes a section 247 or 249 arrangement, as defined by section 250A(6) of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008.]

Annotations:

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

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