Industrial Revolution Positive And Negative Effects Essay Example

Depending on the position of people during the period of the Industrial Revolution. positive and negative effects were seen that straight contrasted each other. The Industrial Revolution was the clip from 1760 to around 1820. and it was technological developments that made it possible to bring forth goods by machines instead than by manus that harnessed inanimate beginnings of energy. As it is seen from the definition. there were many benefits from this. such as mass production ( taking to cheaper. and better quality of merchandises ) . engineering betterments ( such as transit ) . but there were the costs from this. including rough child labour. polarisation. and others. Many of the people who were utilizing new equipment produced. see the Industrial Revolution as a manner for us to better the equipment and engineering that has come to what we have now. Andrew Ure describes the kids in “The doctrine of Manufactures” . that “they seemed to be ever cheerful and watchful. taking pleasance in the light drama of their muscles” ( Doc 3 ) . The writer takes the revolution as a topographic point where the workers were able to bask life and derive their necessities from their working.

HE besides believes that mills provided a better environment to the place. which meant that their house wasn’t ailment aired. moistness. and cold. “The Working Man’s Companion” . published in 1831 shows that there were “an infinite figure of amenitiess and comfortss which had no existence” ( Doc 4 ) before the revolution. Net income that was made. raised the economic side of society. and as Bentely in T & A ; E provinces. the economic development became better in lands that were colonized by Europe. The high rewards encouraged laborsaving engineerings. and due to this. many topographic points in the World including Canada. Argentina. South Africa. Australia. and New Zealand were industrialized. A booklet describes that there are more people that have occupations. and these people ( including childs ) were good fed. clothed. and educated. This shows that the economic system went up. every bit good as people were healthier. as merely 14 died “out of the 3000 kids employed in the mills” ( Doc 5 ) . In 1881. primary instruction became compulsory in England from 5-10 twelvemonth olds. Leon Faucher writes his thoughts he sees at mills that “everywhere is to be observed a cleanliness which indicates order and comfort” ( Doc 6 ) .

He viewed this clip period as a topographic point where people had a comfy on the job country with good vesture. One of the chief positive effects that came from the revolution and has a enormous impact on the universe today would be aggregate production. The tabular array demoing the British Iron Production over around 200 old ages shows greatly that the production of Fe had gone up by the 1900’s. Bentely from T & A ; E makes an accent that the handiness of cheap. high quality Fe and steel reinforced the move towards mechanisation. Mass production led to new inventions. such as arms for defence and natural stuff. However. this is besides an thought that could be seen as a negative consequence. along with others. The revolution brings the negative effects such as child labour. deficiency of instruction. and a bad environment. William Cooper testifies that they worked for 11 hours. and “had no clip to travel to twenty-four hours school” ( Doc 1 ) . They could read. but non compose. demoing that their cognition wasn’t that strong.

Bentely besides writes about this thought of child labour. and that the kids were taken off from parents for long hours and few interruptions. giving them a tough. rigorous society to populate in. Joseph Hebergam testifies about the environment in general. as an country with “dust in the factories” ( Doc 2 ) . which led to unwellnesss or deceases. Health jobs were immense because from the overwork emphasis. people had damaged lungs. non-functional leg musculuss. and can’t back up their ain weight with their castanetss. Written from the position of person who was working at a mill. it was seen as a bad environment that made people really ill. Leon Faucher besides describes the negative sides in his extract. and writes. “the dirt did non give sufficient nutrient for the inhabitants” ( Doc 6 ) . He is seeking to state that with bad nutrient. it can take to economic system harm with people necessitating to pay more for nutrient. Friedrich Engels describes the metropolis as the slum countries to be an country of battle. He describes “the streets [ were ] normally unpaved. full of holes. filthy. and strewn with refuse” ( Doc 7 ) .

The refuse filled country of the minority show that there was a immense spread in the societal categories and that the minority were in a really bad environment. However. there was the positive position to this every bit good. which was why it was difficult to see which statement was true. There are both the negative and positive effects that have changed the universe otherwise from this revolution. Mass production has been seen as a positive thought from these paperss. but the production of arms can be a negative facet. as this is the ground war and terrorist onslaught occurs in the universe today. From some topographic points in England. and other industrialised topographic points. the environment could be seen as good. where there were no more badly aired countries. From the other countries that have been industrialized. it can be seen as a bad environment. where there was a batch of dust and an country causation diseases and hurts. However. without the Industrial Revolution. we aren’t able to hold many of the promotions in our life. such as the chief thought of engineering. Some of the things we have now in Japan come from the success in the Industrial Revolution.

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The Positive and Negative effects of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution had many positive and negative impacts on society. The positive include cheaper clothes, more job opportunities, and improvement in transportation. And the negative would include exploitation of women and children, workers work long hours and environmental damages. These are just a few that I believe had an impact on the Industrial Revolution. England was an ideal place for the Industrial Revolution to begin. It had a great location it was by the water, so it was perfect for employment. It had lots of natural resources; it had a good or rather a wealthy economy and also a large population. Countless people were domesticated workers.

The population was large which led for more work, and more jobs. Inventions and technology were key in the Industrial Revolution it changed working conditions as well as society. A positive affect was the invention of power driven machines began to perform what people had done before. Many significant changes in the way goods were produced took place ultimately transforming and modernizing the world. The simple resources for industrialization were land, capital, and labor, leading to mechanization and the modern factory system changing industries. The textile industry changed mechanics John Kay patented the first spinner called the “Flying Shuttle” which one person could weave more cloth which was always a man (664). Various textiles were created by different inventors which produce many factories openings.

The steam engine was the most significant invention in the Industrial Revolution industry. “Newcomen’s invention enabled mines to be drained to greater depths than had previously been economically possible and so helped provide the coal, iron and other metals that were vital to the expansion of industry.” Although he died James Watt refined it with a power source which made it reliable and powerful. The steam engine provided better transportation and allowed the people to travel cheaper, safer and faster. Coal replaced wood and charcoal, steel was created from iron, quicker and cheaper. Roads improved along with railroads and the creation of steamboats advancing transportation. This transported goods faster and led to more opportunity such as traveling. The Industrial Revolution also changed the work environment. With the many factories opening it provided many opportunities for employment for men and women.

Which seem to affect the middle class workers. Being as everyone was making money meant that everyone was in the same social class. The middle class people believed that they need a raise but employers would use the David Ricardo theory “iron law of wages” which was to always hold wages to the subsistence level if raises were given it would encourage workers to have more children employers used this argument against pay raises . One of the negative impacts was the labor of women and children. Women went from being housewives to working woman. Women worked for very long hours in poor conditions.

Children also worked unfortunately some began to work at the tender age of six going underneath the machines picking up little scraps. Children did not go to school as education was limited and not a requirement for many. Children were not paid fairly and were always doing the dirty work. Safety standards were nonexistent poor lighting; poor ventilation and dangerous machinery’s were standard in factories. The working conditions were very harsh as mass production began to increase. People usually dealt with famine and malnutrition and often caught diseases. Poor living conditions and crowd slums Increase disease do to the increasing population.

There was water pollution being as there was no sewage systems and the human waste would run into the rivers. Air pollution came from the coal minds and the use of coal it would create a black cloud of smoke many workers would die from lung failure. The Industrial Revolution impacted society both positively and negatively with the good always comes the bad. It had The Industrial Revolution affected the whole stability of a population, not only the economy. It affected the relationships between classes, and also the relationships between employers. The most important thing to remember is that Industrial Revolution changed society back then and now as well. The Industrial Revolution reinvented technology, government, working class, agriculture and transportation. Today’s economy, is much like the Industrial Revolution was so one might say that history repeats itself it is important to remember that time period for we might be living in it again.

Work Cited
http://www.bbc.co.uk/devon/content/articles/2008/01/30/thomas_newcomen_feature.shtml

 

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